Phases in Construction Projects – Initiation

Posted by

Phases in Construction Projects

There are several phases in construction projects. Construction is the act or activity of putting together different elements, using a detailed design and plan, to create a structure for a certain purpose in a particular location. From this definition, it is clear that the putting together of the different elements are done in stages which is called Phases in Construction Projects. There are several phases every construction project must go through. Here is a quick breakdown of the phases to help in speeding up your job of construction.

Initiation – Phases in Construction Projects

The very first phase every construction project must undergo is the initiation phase. For any project to be carried out, it must have a need and a purpose for which it must be done. On this note, a decision must be reached whether the project worth carrying out or not. In other to arrive at this decision, a feasibility report must be obtained. The information obtains from this report will help in identifying whether there is a specific need for which the proposed project can provide a solution.

Phases in Construction Projects - Initiation

If the report proves that there is a need and that the project is a feasible one, we then move on to assign people to different tasks. For example, a project manager will be designated, and assign others to different work groups and teams.

Plannin – Phases in Construction Projects

The planning phase is another crucial phase in the construction of a project. It helps in determining the where and how the job is going to be carried out. Once your project has been approved, you’ll need to start planning how you’re going to execute it. In doing this, you will work with a team to identify a number of things which include the following:

  • The work and resources needed
  • Estimated costs for all those resources
  • An approximate timeline

In this phase, there will be an employment of labour force, such as designers and contractors. It should be noted that in this phase, all the liecense required to start the project from the local authority in the area must be at hand. The project manager will be the one to put together a final budget and outline all the steps needed to complete the project.

Implementation/execution

This is the phase that brings the working drawing into reality. It involves the transfer of the designs and plan to the ground. Once the project is effectively planned, the implementation becomes easy.

During this phase, communication is essential because it is a life wire for proper implementation. Clear communication will ensure that everyone is sticking to the plan and carrying the project out as intended.

It’s also important for the project manager to carefully monitor the project to ensure that everyone and everything is on track. The manager will need to make adjustments to the project plan as needed and communicate these adjustments to the rest of the team.

Throughout the project, the manager will write regular status reports for the customer. He or she will also carefully review all aspects of it to ensure that quality work is up to the customer’s standards as demanded.

Commissioning/closure phase

This is the final phase in the construction of a project. In the commissioning phase, mechanical and electrical equipment is tested before going into full operation.  Once the project is finished and the customer is satisfied with the work, the contractor then hand over the completed project to the client (owner). In doing this, several documents are been signed and hand over to wrap up the project. In this final phase, the following activities are carried out:

  • Handing over project documentation
  • Terminating supplier contracts
  • Releasing project resources
  • Communicating information about the project’s closure to all stakeholders
  • Examining what worked and what didn’t
  • Commissioning

The final point in the above list is perhaps the most important part of the whole project. Therefore, careful analysis must be carried out to help everyone improve for future efforts and ensures that any mistakes made during the process are not repeated.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *