Civil engineering specialties are simply a specific areas of specialization in the field of civil engineering. Civil engineering is the oldest engineering discipline. The first engineering practiced in the 1700s by the military that embarks on civil projects of armament and defenses.

Civil engineering specialties

It was from this engineering that all other emanated from. Sub-engineering discipline such as mechanical, electrical, chemical engineering gains their recognition through civil engineering. As a ground father of all engineers, it embraces all facets of human life which include planning. Also, it include designing, constructing, maintaining and operating infrastructure while protecting the public and environmental health as well as improving existing infrastructures that have been neglected.

Who is a civil engineer?

A person practicing civil engineering is called a civil engineer. Civil engineering application involves construction of environment which include planning. It also include designing, overseeing construction, maintenance of building structures and facilities, such as roads, railroads, airports, bridges, harbors, channels, dams, irrigation projects, pipelines, power plants, water and sewage systems.

Specialization areas in civil engineering field –Civil engineering specialties

Civil engineering being the oldest engineering has a very wide range of specialization which anyone studying civil can focus on. This is achievable at the master and doctorate (PhD) degree level. Below among others are the civil engineering specialties.

  •  Transportation Engineering
  • Construction management
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Structural Engineering
  • Urban Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Materials Engineering
  • Construction Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Coastal Engineering
  • Earthquake Engineering

Common task to all engineers

An engineer in each of the specialty listed above has a different day to day task. this task solely depends on the type of job they are to handle each day. Despite the different tasks, there is a common task to all. This task is working to solve problems involving man-made structures and the natural environment.

It should be noted that the core call of every engineer is to solve a problem. Hence, engineers are a problem solver.


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